What are HIV SYMPTOMS?
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This is a condition in which the human immune system starts failing, leading to deadly opportunistic infections. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk.
There are a few or no HIV symptoms. Hence HIV tests are mostly the only way to confirm the HIV infection. But however there is an assortment of the symptoms for HIV infections.
Early HIV symptoms
Fever, headache, muscle and joint pain, sore throat, rash and diarrhea are the early HIV symptoms infection. Usually when people come to doctors with these complaints, doctors prescribe medicines for their patients. But they may also be HIV symptoms. These HIV symptoms when prolongs, form risk factors for the disease forming the acute stages of HIV infection.
HIV symptoms of the immune system
HIV attacks the immune system of the human, which is the body's natural defense against foreign agents such as viruses and bacteria that invade the body. The lymph nodes in the neck, axilla, or groin get swollen when the immune system gets affected. Night sweats and fever are also the symptoms of HIV infection.
HIV symptoms of the GI (gastro intestinal) track
Poor appetite to diarrhea may also contribute to the HIV symptoms. This happens as the virus can attack the gastro intestinal system.
HIV symptoms regarding the respiratory system
HIV symptoms which are associated with respiratory problems usually occur in the later courses of the disease. But some victims unfortunately get those problems earlier. Dry cough and shortness of breath are the HIV symptoms regarding respiratory problems.
Other HIV symptoms
Developing a rash is a symptom of HIV infection. The rash may be a result of an adverse drug reaction or allergy. Victims having rashes have to consult the doctors for HIV tests. Thrush is another such symptom. If the bad taste and white coating doesn't go away with a simple brushing, then it is better to consult a doctor and seek his advice. Weight loss is also a major symptom of HIV infection, unless the individual is performing actively for losing the weight.
Sinus infections also counts to the symptoms of the HIV infection. The sinus pain is not as normal when the victim is affected by HIV. The victim will find it difficult to concentrate due to the pressure behind the eyes. Fatigue is always a common problem for those having HIV. Nausea is not only aggravating and can make you feel sick, when associated with vomiting it can be dangerous. People living with HIV are often troubled by nausea; either because of their HIV medications or because of some opportunistic infection.
Burning and tingling of the feet and hands are other HIV symptoms. This is often referred as peripheral neuropathy. Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids are also HIV symptoms of the infection. Memory loss is another major HIV symptom.
Depression is also a symptom of HIV infection. Victims infected by HIV always seem to be depressed. Their depression prolongs for a long period.
The above are an assortment of HIV symptoms. Even though they are the symptoms of the HIV infection, they cannot confirm the disease. There are a lot of HIV tests that enable confirmation of the disease. Victims have to be very careful with the infection, once the symptoms are identified. HIV infection is deadly as the infection can totally bring down the immune system that apparently makes victims very weak. Hence it is better to prevent the disease than to cure it.